Pulmonary diseases is a specialty dealing with respiratory system and lung diseases. Pulmonary diseases unit deals with the diagnosis and treatment of diseases related to the lungs, airways (lower respiratory tract and bronchi), pleura, mediastinum, the bones and muscles that make up the diaphragm and rib cage. Respiratory system diseases can be common and vital. Therefore, a specialist should be consulted if there is a problem in the respiratory capacity. Advanced diagnostic and treatment methods are applied in our Ege Şehir Hospital pulmonary diseases unit.
General Symptoms of Pulmonary Diseases
Respiratory system is made up of nose, pharynx, windpipe and the lungs. The organ with the most serious diseases in the respiratory system is the lungs. Many diseases related to the lungs occur. The most common symptoms of respiratory system diseases are cough, sputum, shortness of breath, wheezing, coughing up blood, back pain and chest pain. In addition, night sweats, fever, loss of appetite and rapid weight loss are other symptoms of pulmonary diseases.
Treatment Areas of Pulmonary Diseases
COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease )
COPD ( Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease ) is a chronic disease that causes complaints such as severe cough as a result of inflammation of the air sacs in the lungs. The consumption of tobacco products such as cigarette, pipe and hookah is one of the most important causes of COPD. Being short of breath while climbing up the stairs, fatigue, constant urge to cough and wheezing are among the most common symptoms of COPD.
Asthma is a pulmonary disease that develops as a result of chronic and non-microbial inflammation of the lower respiratory tract through a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Repeated coughing, wheezing, shortness of breath, chest tightness are the most common symptoms.
Bronchiectasis is a condition in which the bronchial tubes in the lungs are permanently damaged, widened, and thickened. In patients with bronchiectasis with enlarged bronchi, the main complaints are frequent cough and sputum production. Chronic daily cough, expectoration, sudden weight loss and bad breath are also common symptoms of bronchiectasis.
Cough is a useful reflex for cleaning the throat and respiratory tract, however, if you have a cough that particularly lasts for more than 8 weeks, you should definitely consult a specialist. Prolonged cough can be a symptom of pulmonary diseases such as pneumonia, bronchitis, asthma, tuberculosis. Cough may also be caused by diseases such as lung tumors, allergic diseases, heart failure. If you have prolonged cough, you should consult pulmonary diseases unit without delay.
Pneumonia is a serious lung infection caused by bacteria, viruses and rarely parasites. The symptoms of pneumonia include chills, tremor, sudden onset fever, cough, trouble breathing, muscle aches and nausea.
Pneumothorax (Air Leak in Lungs)
Pneumothorax refers to the accumulation of air in the chest cavity as a result of a lung rupture. Pneumothorax is a disease that develops suddenly and can threaten life in some cases. Symptoms of pneumothorax include pain in the chest or under the scapula, feeling of tightness in the chest, sudden shortness of breath, and brain fog and bruising on the lips in severe presentations.
Lung cancer is malignant tumors that occur with groups of cells that grow uncontrolled and abnormally in the lung tissue. Lung cancer is one of the common types of cancer with serious consequences. The first sign of lung cancer is persistent cough. Dark discoloration and blood in the sputum, hoarseness and sudden weight loss are also symptoms of lung cancer.
Pulmonary embolism is the sudden blockage of a pulmonary artery, usually due to a blood clot coming from a vein in the leg into the lung. Shortness of breath, chest pain, cough, back pain, excessive sweating, blue color on the lips and nails are among the most common symptoms of pulmonary embolism.
Bronchoscopy is an endoscopic diagnostic method used to diagnose respiratory tract and lung diseases and identify respiratory problems.
Pulmonary Function Tests
Pulmonary function tests are used to measure to what extent the lungs are working. Pulmonary function tests are used to clarify the diagnosis of diseases such as asthma and COPD. The most commonly used tests are spirometry and lung infusion capacity test.