Life does not always go on in its normal course. We sometimes come across situations that will mentally wear us down. Due to mental breakdowns and changes in certain bodily factors, we may have psychologically difficult periods. For our body to be described as healthy, our mental and physical health should be in harmony. Health means the state of feeling good completely as a whole both physically and socially.
Psychiatry is a branch of science that deals with diseases of the brain and human psychology. In Private Ege Şehir Hospital Psychiatry department, up-to-date, realistic solutions and treatments are applied to diagnose and treat psychiatric problems. People coming for counseling are assessed with a person-specific approach and their counseling process is managed meticulously.
Diagnosis and Treatment of Psychiatric Disorders
Diagnosis of psychiatric disorders is more complicated than physical disorders. It may become necessary for the psychiatrist to monitor behavioral and emotional states of the client for some time. Although there’re routine steps during diagnosis and planning, the approach and process proceed in a person-specific manner. At diagnosis stage, the patient tells his/her history during the meetings with the physiatrist. Treatment planning is based on the patient’s history. Psychometric tests applied additionally during patient meetings are also helpful during diagnosis stage. After completion of the diagnosis stage, treatment is planned. Treatment stage varies from person to person depending on a wide range of factors, including the history and motivation of the patient, physical factors, severity of the disorder and the effects of social environment. Therefore, it’s not possible to set a definite treatment period.
Common Symptoms in Mental and Neurological Disorders
Type of the psychological disorder varies by past experiences as well as current physical and social states of the client, however, there are some symptoms that are observed in general. Change in appetite, extremely increased appetite or loss of appetite, progressively increasing fatigue and malaise and sense of desperation are commonly observed symptoms. Changes in sleeping routine, lack of interest in routine activities and avoiding contact with people are frequently observed in psychiatric patients. If you have one or more of such symptoms, you should consult a specialist without delay. It’s possible to treat mental and neurological disorders by 89.2%.
Primary Disorders Addressed in Psychiatry Clinic
Anxiety is an emotion felt by everyone at various times during the normal course of our lives. Anxiety felt in situations involving uncertainty or before taking serious decisions is a normal human feeling. Anxiety disorder is the name given to the state of intense anxiety one feels for unreal situations, oneself and one’s relatives without any reason and the resulting mental and physical symptoms. Anxiety disorder negatively affects daily life. Primary symptoms of anxiety disorder include extreme excitement, restlessness, feeling of anxiety, shortness of breath and perspiration.
Bipolar disorder is a state where one’s state of mind is on the fringe and one’s mood increases or decreases sharply. Bipolar disorder is also known as manic depression and a mood disorder with two extremes. When bipolar disorder is at the top level (manic period), one becomes hyperactive and feels extremely happy, whereas in the depressive period, s/he goes into depression. Bipolar disorder has attack and passive stages. A patient who isn’t in the attack period can lead a normal routine life.
Depression is a rather common mental disorder. Primary symptoms of depression include unpleasant mood, lack of interest and pleasure, desperation and pessimism. Negative thoughts about the future, increased level of anxiety, change in appetite and sleep disturbance are commonly observed in depression.
Obsessive Compulsive Disorder
Obsessive compulsive disorder is a mental disorder comprised of obsessions that are made up of uncontrollable thoughts and images that come to one’s mind and repetitive behaviors and acts (compulsion) done to get away from such obsessions. Although the rituals provide temporary relief, they’re not enough for one to adapt to daily life and enough to remedy the state of anxiety caused by the obsessions. Obsessive compulsive disorder disturbs one’s anxiety level and decreases quality of life unless it is treated.
Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Disorder
Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder is a disorder that usually manifests itself with problems of focusing and extreme activity in the early phase of life. Attention deficit and hyperactivity disorder may significantly reduce quality of life particularly in childhood. To fight with this disorder, which may have negative effects on education and social life of children, you need to get support from a specialist.
Social phobia is a type of anxiety disorder in which a person feels anxious about being assessed negatively by others and avoids settings where s/he may have social encounters. Social phobia patients get distressed about eating with a group of people, making a speech and two-person dialogues.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
Trauma is situations that impair daily routine, develop suddenly and unexpectedly, cause horror, anxiety and panic and impair one’s ability to make sense of things. A traumatic experience can be something which one witnesses or experiences. Primary symptoms of post-traumatic stress disorder include insomnia, frequent nightmares, constantly feeling anxious about repeating of the event and an increased startle response.
Although physical symptoms are apparent in eating disorders, eating disorders are mental disorders. There’s a range of eating disorders including anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa, and binge eating disorder. Eating disorders are defined as states where one eats extreme amounts of food, one avoids eating for a very long time or one feels obsessively anxious about his/her body weight.
Schizophrenia is a disorder characterized by exacerbation and allayment periods. It’s a brain disorder just like migraine or epilepsy and may have serious effects on one’s social life if not treated. During exacerbation period of schizophrenia, one’s thoughts and perception deteriorate, s/he may have unrealistic fears, see hallucinations and hear imaginary sounds. A person is diagnosed with schizophrenia based on the symptoms usually observed during 18-25 years of age.
Borderline Personality Disorder
Borderline personality disorder is a condition that usually begins in adolescence and becomes prominent with deterioration of relationships with social environment and is characterized by sudden instinctive behaviors and emotions. The most common symptoms of borderline personality disorder are inconsistent relationships, chronic sense of emptiness, fear of abandonment, anger episodes with sudden onset, suddenly changing mood and varying sense of self.