Cancer is caused by uncontrolled proliferation and growth of cells in any organ or tissue of the body. Contrary to common belief, cancer is a disease that can be treated with the treatment methods applied today. Most cancer patients can resume their routine lives after receiving an appropriate treatment which has been applied in a disciplined manner. Cancer treatment requires a multi-disciplinary approach. Units playing a role in cancer treatment include medical oncology, surgical oncology and radiology, nuclear medicine, pathology units.
At Ege Şehir Hospital, the treatment plans and follow-up of patients diagnosed with cancer are meticulously carried out by our expert team. During treatment and follow up periods, the patients are individually evaluated. The individualized treatment model is determined by examining the tumor stage, type and genetic characteristics of the patient. In addition, medical treatment of symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pain, etc. and palliative support treatments are applied to cancer patients.
What is Cancer?
The cells in our body are capable of dividing but each cell can divide for a certain number of times and cannot divide infinitely. For normal functioning of our body, the cells should grow, divide and generate more cells. Unconscious cancer cells begin to divide uncontrollably and multiply and cause mass and tumor formation. Tumors can be benign or malignant; benign tumors are not cancerous. Cancer cells can be detached from the tumor they have made and spread to various parts of the body by using the blood or lymph system, which is called metastasis. A cancer has various properties, including potential to spread, response to treatment and location in the body, and all factors are taken into account during treatment of cancer. The cursor indicating how far the cancer has spread from the starting point is called the cancer stage. After any diagnosis of cancer, necessary tests are performed to identify the type and stage of the cancer. 4th stage is the highest stage.
Unexplained high fever, long-lasting weakness, unreasonable pain felt in bones in one part of the body, mass formation felt in the body, unusual bleeding, changes in the skin and moles can be signs of cancer. Prolonged constipation, diarrhea , pain when urinating, blood in the urine and persistent and prolonged cough are common symptoms of cancer. One of the most important elements of being successful in cancer treatment is early diagnosis. If you have one or more of the symptoms mentioned, you should consult a specialist as soon as possible.
For a successful treatment process, first, workups should be performed in Nuclear Medicine, Radiology, Pathology and Biochemistry units. In oncological diagnosis phase, the type and stage of the cancer are identified. Treatment is planned in the light of the results obtained.
Medical oncology is a branch of science that works in the fields of treatment of cancer patients, cancer prevention and early diagnosis. Medical oncology is an individual medical specialty. It’s performed by internists specializing in oncology (medical oncologists).
The main treatments applied by the medical oncology unit;
It’s the treatment using medications of cancer cells that have grown uncontrolledly because of changes in their structures. Chemotherapy can be applied to stop and slow the spread of the tumor, destroy the tumor, and eliminate the symptoms caused by the tumor. The selected medications, application frequency and dose are determined by the specialist, taking into account the general health condition of the patient, the type and stage of the tumor.
It’s a treatment method applied usually for the treatment of prostate and breast cancers. Medications used in hormone therapy prevent the production of hormones, that is, it is an anti-hormone therapy.
They are target medications produced in order to block the abnormal functions of cells. Smart drugs directly target cancer cells. Smart drugs can be applied to almost all types of cancer today and their success rate is very high.
It is a type of treatment applied in addition to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which enables the immune system to fight cancer cells. There’re cells fighting with cancer cells in the immune system. When immune cells recognize cancer cells, they act and destroy the cancer cell.
It is a treatment that is applied only to reduce symptoms, not to treat. The procedures applied in palliative support units while the routine treatment of the patient continues aim to increase the patient’s quality of life.
Oncologic Surgery is a field that focuses on the use of surgery for diagnosis of cancer, stage detection and treatment of cancer. Operations are performed to remove the cancerous tissue from the body by surgical methods, control pain and manage cancer-related symptoms and side effects.
It is applied to kill cancer cells, that is, to destroy the tumor, using high-energy radiation.