Neurosurgery is surgery of the nervous system.”Neuron” is of Latin origin and means nerve cell, and neurosurgery, which is a combination of the words nerve cell and surgery meaning “healing wounds”, means surgery of the nervous system. Neurosurgery deals with the brain, spinal cord, nerves, skull, spinal bones, blood vessels, ligaments and all of the protective coatings that support nerve tissues. Due to the complexity of the structure of the brain, it is regarded as the most complex branch of medicine requiring specialization. It has side branches such as spinal, functional, tumor, vascular, pediatric neurosurgery.
In Ege Şehir Hospital Neurosurgery unit, we provide service in diagnosis and treatment of neurosurgical diseases with our fully equipped center and expert staff.
Some of the Diseases Which Neurosurgery Unit Deals With;
Herniated Disc (Lumbar Hernia)
Lumbar hernia is caused by slipping or tearing of discs between the vertebrae for reasons such as straining, falling, lifting heavy objects. Dislocated disc, namely herniated disc, puts pressure on the nerves and causes severe pain.
Neck Hernia (Cervical Disc Hernia)
There are 7 vertebrae in the neck and cushions called discs between these vertebrae. Neck hernia occurs due to wear on the discs between the cervical vertebrae.
Trauma Surgery (Waist and Neck Fractures etc.)
Fractures on the spine, especially in the waist and neck area, are common due to occupational accidents and traffic accidents. Fast and correct intervention is very important in order to prevent paralysis in waist and neck fractures. Rapid diagnosis and early intervention are important in trauma surgery.
Hydrocephalus is a disease caused by the increase in the amount and pressure of the cerebrospinal fluid. It may occur due to brain hemorrhage, traumas, infections and brain tumors.
Spondylolisthesis is the shift of one of the vertebrae towards the bone directly under it. A common symptom of olisthesis is the need to stop frequently during walking. Frequent cramping and stiffness of the legs at night can also be a sign of olisthesis.
There are joints that connect the vertebrae to each other in order to prevent the sliding of our vertebrae and to ensure that turning laterally, bending and standing are done in a healthy way. The wear and growth of the joints over time causes calcification in the waist.
Tumors in the Nervous System
It is defined as the abnormal or uncontrolled growth of cells in the nervous system. Tumors can be benign or malignant. After the tumor type is determined, treatment planning is made.
Congenital Nervous System Disorders
Cerebral Palsy is a clinical picture that refers to a group of disorders affecting muscle movement and coordination, which occurs as a result of damage to the movement function area of the central nervous system before, after or during delivery.
Meningomyelocele (Spida Bifida) is a disease that occurs in the womb during the first month of pregnancy. This condition in which the bones that make up the baby’s spine do not cover the spinal marrow and the spinal cord and related nerves are exposed is known as split spine disease among the public.
Scoliosis is the most common deformity of the spine. The spine curves to the right or left or rotates around its own axis. In treatment of scoliosis, the patient’s age, location and grade of curvature, the stage of bone growth and skeletal development are very important.
Brain hemorrhage is bleeding that takes place inside the skull. Bubble formation in the cerebral artery, arteriosclerosis, hypertension, some brain tumors and blood diseases can cause brain hemorrhage.