Neurology is the branch of science that deals with the structure, disorders and physiology of the nervous system, brain and muscle system. The word neurology is a combination of the words ‘neuron’ meaning nerve and ‘logia’ meaning study. Neurology discipline generally deals with the brain, brainstem, spinal cord and its surroundings.
Neurology examines the anatomical and physiological features of the nervous system, disorders and clinical syndromes that occur for various reasons. Current scientific developments have naturally reflected on neurology and subdivisions of neurology have emerged. In the Neurology Department of Ege Şehir Hospital, diagnosis and treatment of various neurological diseases can be performed in the best way with our state-of-the-art system and expert team.
Some of The Diseases Which Neurology Unit Deals With
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) is a neurological disease affecting the central nervous system consisting of brain and spinal cord. It’s usually common among young adolescents. MS disease can occur with symptoms such as muscle weakness, imbalance, speech and vision disorders, and partial paralysis.
ALS (Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis) Disease
ALS disease is a neurological disorder arising from damage to nerve cells, which are present in the brain and spine and enable muscles to move, it ‘s detected by weakness in the muscles. Its first symptom is weakness in one arm or leg. Some of its common symptoms include difficulty talking and swallowing, twitching and pain in muscles.
Parkinson’s disease is caused by deformation of brain cells that produce dopamine, which is responsible for controlling movements in the brain. Insufficient dopamine production causes Parkinson’s disease. Non-rhythmic, maladaptive, shaky movements are among the first symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. Slowing down of movements and tremors are also common symptoms. The disease is primarily observed in one half of the body and passes to the other side over the years.
Epilepsy is a chronic disease that occurs when cells in a part of the brain send an abnormal electrical signal. Epilepsy is a seizure disease; when the patient does not have any seizure, s/he can continue his/her routine life in a healthy way. Epilepsy seizures can have different symptoms depending on which part of the brain they occur. Generally, symptoms such as sudden contractions in the body, loss of consciousness, rhythmic shaking in the arms, legs and head, and looking at a fixed point are observed.
Headache and imbalance can occur for many different reasons such as neurological, psychiatric disorders and inner ear diseases. The most common cause is Vertigo (dizziness), which is caused by escape of balance crystals in inner ear into semicircular canal. Vertigo is described as dizziness and a sense of loss of balance.
Headaches were classified in 14 main groups and hundreds of sub-groups. Headaches that occur directly with a headache and are not related to any other disease are primary headaches. These include migraine, tension type, and cluster headaches. Secondary headaches are disease-induced headaches with an incidence of 10 percent that occur during the course of diseases such as cerebrovascular diseases, nervous system diseases, brain tumors, eye diseases, sinusitis, meningitis.
Stroke is simply defined a condition in which the brain loses some of its functions for vascular reasons. It occurs when the oxygen-rich blood flow to the body slows down or stops completely. Loss of power on one side of the body, sudden vision problems, saying meaningless words, inability to speak at all, impaired perception and confusion are among the most common symptoms of stroke.
Neck, Low Back Pains and Hernias
A hernia is the protrusion of an organ or structure beyond its normal anatomic borders. The treatment of neck, low back pains and hernias is carried out together with neurology, orthopedics, traumatology and physiotherapy specialties.
Polio (Poliomyelitis) is a virally transmitted disease that causes paralysis in the legs and arms, which is usually seen in children under the age of 15. The disease is transmitted through the digestive system. It generally occurs with symptoms such as mild fever, muscle aches, headache, nausea, vomiting, neck and back stiffness.
Alzheimer’s is the name given to the disease that develops in the form of memory loss, dementia and decreased cognitive functions in general due to the death of brain cells over time. Confusion, skepticism towards the environment, confusion about location and direction, difficulties experienced in routine activities, anxiety and depression are the most commonly observed symptoms.