Cancer is a life-threatening disease, the incidence of which is increasing day by day in the world and in our country. It is caused by uncontrolled proliferation and growth of cells in any organ or tissue of the body. Medical oncology is a branch of science that works in the fields of treatment of cancer patients, cancer prevention and early diagnosis. Medical oncology is an individual medical specialty. It’s performed by internists specializing in oncology (medical oncologists).At Ege Şehir Hospital, Medical Oncology department, the treatment plans and follow-up of patients diagnosed with cancer are meticulously carried out by our expert team. During treatment and follow up periods, the patients are individually evaluated. The individualized treatment model is determined by examining the tumor stage, type and genetic characteristics of the patient. In addition, medical treatment of symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, pain, etc. and palliative support treatments are applied to cancer patients.
Primary treatments applied to our patients;
Chemotherapy is the treatment using medications of cancer cells that have grown uncontrolledly because of changes in their structures. It can be applied for a variety of reasons depending on the type of tumor and the characteristics of the patient. It can be applied to stop and slow the spread of the tumor, destroy the tumor, and eliminate the symptoms caused by the tumor. It is applied using a single medication or a combination of medications with different mechanisms of action. The selected medications, application frequency and dose are determined by the specialist, taking into account the general health condition of the patient, the type and stage of the tumor. Various medications can be applied in chemotherapy. There’re medications intended to destroy tumor cells and various medications that affect biology or development of the tumor or that are intended to reduce side effects. Chemotherapy is a treatment method which can be applied together with surgical or radiological treatments or on its own.
Hormonotherapy is a treatment method applied usually for the treatment of prostate and breast cancers. Medications used in hormone therapy prevent the production of hormones, that is, it is an anti-hormone therapy. Hormonotherapy can be applied for a variety of reasons. It can be applied to prevent recurrence of the disease in patients with successful surgical results, reduce the cancer cell in size and make it suitable for surgery in the case of cancers that spread too much and slow down, stop and mitigate the disease in advanced stage cancers. There is a range of hormonotherapy medications. The medication to be applied is decided on by considering the type and stage of cancer as well as the general health status of the patient. Hormonotherapy medications can be in the form of oral tablets or injections applied to the hip or under the skin.
They are target medications produced in order to block the abnormal functions of cells. Smart drugs directly target cancer cells. Conventional chemotherapy drugs find and block cells in proliferative stage. In addition to abnormally proliferating cancer cells, chemotherapy drugs also target highly proliferating cells, including bone marrow cells, mouth mucosa and hair cells. Smart drugs directly target cancer cells. Smart drugs can be applied to almost all types of cancer today and their success rate is very high.
Immunotherapy is a type of treatment applied in addition to radiotherapy and chemotherapy, which enables the immune system to fight cancer cells. There’re cells fighting with cancer cells in the immune system. When immune cells recognize cancer cells, they act and destroy the cancer cell. Immunotherapy supports immune system of cancer patients and fights with cancer cells. It can be used in a wide range of cancers, including malignant melanoma, lung cancer, kidney cancer. It is not used in early stages of cancer and produces favorable results in 4th stage patients.
Palliative Supportive Care
Palliative care is a treatment that is applied only to reduce symptoms, rather than for treatment. The procedures applied in palliative support units while the routine treatment of the patient continues aim to increase the patient’s quality of life.