Internal Medicine is considered the basis of all branches in the field of medicine. It deals with various diseases such as diseases of human digestive system, kidney, heart, lung, blood diseases, internal diagnosis and treatment of cancer, rheumatic, hormonal and allergic diseases, and the health of the elderly patient group.
Internal medicine is divided into many sub-branches within itself; it is a major science that pioneers most of the clinical branches. Internal medicine is involved in many fields such as cardiology, endocrinology, hematology, gastroenterology, nephrology, oncology and rheumatology.
In Ege Şehir Hospital Internal Medicine Department, we serve with an experienced team on “Diseases that cannot be diagnosed”. In our internal medicine department, we also carry out preventive health practices and personalized check-up programs for the elderly.
Some of the diseases that are included in the specialty field of Internal Medicine;
Diabetes is a disease with high blood glucose (sugar level) caused by a number or reasons, including genetic factors, unbalanced diet, sedentary lifestyle, etc. There are two different types of diabetes. In Type 1 Diabetes, the body cannot produce insulin and the immune system attacks pancreas cells and destroys them. In Type 1 diabetes patients, medications can be applied. Type 2 Diabetes is generally common among middle-aged people and the elderly. The body cannot produce enough insulin or appropriately use the produced insulin. In Type 2 diabetes patients, medications and surgical treatment can be applied.
Heart Failure and Rhythm Disorders
Heart failure is when the heart is damaged for various reasons and the body cannot produce the blood it needs. Heart attacks, prolonged hypertension or congenital diseases can cause heart failure. Heart rhythm disorder (arrhythmia) is the name given to the functional disorders of the heart. It can be observed in the form of bradycardia, i.e. heart rhythm less than normal and of tachycardia i.e. heart rhythm faster than normal. Heart diseases might occur due to stress, anxiety, anemia and fatigue.
Anemia and Blood diseases
The protein that gives blood its red color and is responsible for carrying oxygen to cells is called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is carried by red blood cells in the blood. If hemoglobin protein in the blood falls below the normal level or the number of red blood cells decreases, it is called anemia.
There are many different types of blood diseases such as blood cancer, chronic myelocytic leukemia, lymphoma, myelofibrosis and platelet deficiency, and the internal medicine department is involved in the diagnosis and treatment of these diseases.
Early Diagnosis of Cancer Diseases
Cancer is a life-threatening disease, the incidence of which is increasing day by day in the world and in our country. It is caused by uncontrolled proliferation and growth of cells in any organ or tissue of the body. Internal medicine department plays an important role in the early diagnosis of cancer.
Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Diseases
Lower respiratory tract infections can spread from bronchi to lungs. Shortness of breath, sputum production, cough, nausea, joint and muscle aches and weakness are the most common symptoms.
Upper respiratory tract infection is known as common cold. Runny nose and stuffy nose, itchy throat, sore throat, weakness and sneezing are among the most common symptoms. Internal medicine unit deals with the diagnosis and treatment of upper and lower respiratory tract diseases.
Digestive System Disorders
There are many types of digestive system disorders such as indigestion, diarrhea, constipation, reflux, gastritis and gall bladder diseases. Internal medicine department deals with the diagnosis and treatment of digestive system disorders.
Thyroid gland produces hormones that regulate heart and digestive function, muscle control, brain development, mood and bone maintenance as well as the body’s metabolic rate. An overactive or underactive thyroid can cause many different diseases. There are many different thyroid diseases such as Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease, goiter and thyroid nodules.
Cholesterol, Elevated Triglyceride
The most common type of fat in our blood is triglyceride. A triglyceride level above normal level in the blood is called elevated level of triglyceride. Elevated triglyceride can be caused by high blood pressure, heart diseases, kidney diseases and diabetes. Cholesterol is a fat-like substance found in all cells of our body. It is used in the production of cell membranes and some hormones, but an excessive amount of it in the blood is harmful. Internal medicine department deals with the diagnosis and treatment of high cholesterol and triglyceride levels.
Check-up literally means general screening. With Check Up (General health screening), diseases can be detected and controlled at the initial stage. General health screening aims to take necessary precautions before the disease occurs or detect the existing disease at the earliest stage and ensure that the person maintains his/her health integrity.
With the Check-Up services we provide in our hospital as Private Ege Şehir Hospital, our specialists examine the individuals, determine the tests to be applied and take all the necessary consultation decisions, and then the check-up begins.