Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology

Infections are diseases caused by bacteria, viruses or parasites, which can occur in any part of our body and some of which can be contagious. Infection literally means the regional or general spread of the microbe that causes the disease. As a result of the advances in diagnostic methods and the use of new antimicrobial drugs, many infectious diseases can be diagnosed and treated.
Ege Şehir Hospital Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Department serves in diagnosis and treatment of diseases caused by microorganisms such as bacteria, viruses, parasites or fungi with our team of specialists and fully-equipped laboratories.

Symptoms of Infectious Diseases

The most common symptoms of infectious diseases are fever, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea and weakness. Muscle aches, sore throat, cough, headache and skin rash are also common. Infectious diseases can be contagious. So if you have any of these symptoms, you should immediately consult a specialist. In addition, if you’re bitten by an animal, have a sudden-onset severe cough and shortness of breath, you should immediately seek medical help.

Some of The Infectious Diseases which Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology Unit Deals With;

• Upper respiratory tract infections
• Seasonal influenza/flu, swine flu, avian influenza, etc.
• Lower respiratory tract infections (bronchitis and pneumonia)
• Hepatitis (Hepatitis A , B , C )
• Urinary tract infections
• Skin infections
• Adult immunization
• Febrile and infectious diseases, fever of unknown origin
• Brucellosis
• Food poisoning
• Fungal infections
• Diarrhea
• Treatment of sexually transmitted diseases and screening after doubted sexual intercourse
• Meningitis
• Parasite diseases
• Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever

Causes of Infectious Diseases

Infections can be generated inside the body or carried into the body by bacteria, viruses or parasites.


Bacteria are a group of unicellular microorganisms. If bacteria form parasitic relationships with other organisms, they are classified as pathogens. Pathogenic bacteria can cause tetanus, typhoid fever, typhus, diphtheria, syphilis, cholera, leprosy and tuberculosis.


Virus is the general name of parasitic infectious agents smaller than bacteria. Some of the diseases caused by viruses include colds, flu, chickenpox, herpes sores, ebola virus disease, AIDS, avian flu, SARS and SARS-CoV-2.


Fungi are the name of a biological world that includes many multicellular and unicellular organisms. Fungi usually forming on skin surface are observed with itching on the skin surface in the scalp, nails and toes, groin area. Fungi can rarely spread to internal organs.


Parasites try to continue their lives by using another living thing as host; they feed on the host to which they are attached and cause fatigue, weight loss, diarrhea or bone pains.

In Clinical Microbiology Laboratories; separate tests are applied to determine the amount of Bacteriology (bacteria), Virology (virus), Mycology (fungus), Parasitology (parasite), Serology (antibody). Depending on the disease detected as a result of the test, the appropriate treatment option among outpatient treatment a nd inpatient treatment options is determined and treatment is started. The Department of Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology also deals with taking measures to prevent infection in the hospital.

Infectious Diseases and Clinical Microbiology

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