Hematology is a branch of science that studies blood cells and the organs making up blood cells and the diseases of such organs. Hematology is a sub-branch of Internal medicine. Diseases associated with bone marrow, lymphatic system and blood such as lymphoma, multiple myeloma, acute and chronic leukemia are investigated under hematology. The majority of hematological diseases are diseases treatment of which is vital. Treatment of these diseases require a good team work and experience. Hematology is one of the fields in which very important developments have been made in recent years, treatment options for diseases have increased and clinical studies are carried out the most. The rate of curability of hematological cancers is increasing rapidly. At Ege Şehir Hospital Hematology Department, our experienced team performs diagnosis and treatments of hematological diseases in our fully-equipped units.
General Symptoms of Hematologic Diseases
General symptoms of hematologic diseases include fatigue, malaise, shortness of breath and jaundice. Other common symptoms include pale skin, sudden weight loss, elevated temperature and enlarged lymph nodes. Particularly high fever is a symptom commonly observed in all hematologic diseases. Intense bleeding and coagulation difficulties seen in mild traumas, frequent infections, faster than normal fatigue in physical activities, and the glands observed in the neck, armpit and groin are among the symptoms of hematological diseases.
Some of The Diseases Which Hematology Unit Deals With:
The protein that gives blood its red color and is responsible for carrying oxygen to cells is called hemoglobin. Hemoglobin is carried by red blood cells in the blood. If hemoglobin protein in the blood falls below the normal level or the number of red blood cells decreases, it is called anemia. Anemia is the name given to the decrease in the amount of hemoglobin in the blood below 13 g/dL in adult males and 12 g/dL in females. Fatigue, pale skin color, irregularity in the heart rhythm, shortness of breath, cold and numbness in hands and feet, dizziness and pain, and irritability are among the symptoms of anemia.
Thalassemia (Mediterranean Anemia)
Thalassemia is one of the hereditary anemias. Due to the high rate of consanguineous marriages in our country, the frequency of thalassemia, which is a genetically inherited disease, is progressively increasing. Thalassemia can be seen in two forms, being carrier and disease. Carriers are not sick. Thalassemia is also called Mediterranean anemia. Its symptoms include pale skin, weakness, fatigue, palpitations, growth retardation in children.
Acute and Chronic Leukemias
Leukemia is a type of cancer in which blood cells, particularly white blood cells, proliferate more than normal. Leukemia is classified as acute or chronic according to the spread and development characteristics of the tumor. In general, acute leukemia is observed in children and chronic leukemai in adults. Some conditions that require investigation related to leukemia include pale skin due to anemia, easy bleeding and bruising occurring on the skin without any reason, frequent fever, sudden weight loss and loss of appetite, lumps in the lymph regions, frequent nosebleeds, gum pain and bleeding and joint pain. Especially children between 2-5 years of age are at high risk of leukemia so you should definitely consult a specialist when you observe these symptoms in yourself or your child.
Lymphoma is the cancer of the lymphatic system, the body’s germ-fighting network. Lymphoma is divided into two: Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Common symptoms of lymphoma include enlarged lymph nodes, weakness, fever and night sweats, shortness of breath and sudden weight loss.
Multiple myeloma is a type of cancer. Myeloma is a type of cancer that starts in plasma cells, a type of white blood cells. Bone pain, usually in the back and ribs, feeling of weakness, frequent infection, sudden weight loss, nausea and constipation are some of the symptoms of multiple myeloma.
Idiopathic Thrombocytopenic Purpura (ITP)
Immune thrombocytopenia, also known as immune or idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, is a rare bleeding disorder characterized by a low number of platelets in the blood.
It is the fact that the bleeding that stops in a short time in normal individuals does not stop for a long time, or trauma that does not cause significant bleeding or bruising in normal individuals causes serious bleeding or bruising on the skin in these patients. Severe bleeding in small cuts, gingival bleeding, nosebleeds that start for no reason and stop with difficulty, bleeding in the joints are some of the symptoms of coagulation disorders.