Eye diseases are conditions of the eye that develop due to environmental or genetic factors and limit eyesight. Eye diseases usually occur due to genetic factors. Various eye diseases are also caused by being in environments with unstable light for a long time, damages caused by various diseases. Ophthalmology and eye surgery unit deals with all diseases that occur in the eyelids, eye membrane, tear ducts, eye lens and nerve tissues surrounding the eye.
At Ege Şehir Hospital ophthalmology and eye surgery department, diagnosis and treatment of eye diseases are performed meticulously by our expert team. During eye examination, computed and manual assessment devices, including Airpuff and Applanation tonometers (for measuring ocular pressure), Biomicroscope, Direct and Indirect Ophthalmoscope, are used, and patients details are stored in the computer environment.
Symptoms of Eye Diseases
Blood build-up, pain, tearing and tenderness in the eyes are the most common symptoms of eye diseases. Visual impairment, narrowing in the visual field, redness and crusting in the eyes are among the most common symptoms. Black bodies floating in front of the eyes and swelling and drooping of the eyelids can be the symptoms of eye diseases.
Some of the Diseases Which Ophthalmology and Eye Surgery Department Deals with;
Myopia, Hyperopia and Astigmatism
Astigmatism is the deformity of the cornea located in front of our eyes. It causes us to have a blurred vision for both near and distance. Myopia is nearsightedness; near vision remains clear, but distance is blurred. Hyperopia is farsightedness; distant objects can be seen clearly.
Cataract is an eye disease that manifests itself with signs such as double vision, blurred vision, and deterioration of night vision, which leads to decreased eyesight over time. The main cause of cataract is age. In addition, it may manifest itself due to diabetes, asthma, cortisones and steroids used for rheumatic diseases. There’s also a type of cataract called congenital cataract, seen in infants and children. The only treatment for cataract is surgery performed in a short time with laser, known publicly as fako.
There are 6 extraocular muscles in our eyes. Due to the lack or excess of strength in these muscles, two eyes may lose their parallelism, in other words, strabismus may occur. Early diagnosis is important in the treatment of strabismus, so it is important not to skip routine eye examinations during childhood.
Color blindness is the impairment of the ability of a living thing to distinguish colors due to the lack or inadequate amount of a special pigment molecule in its visual center. Color blindness occurs due to hereditary reasons. The absence red-sensitive pigments leads to red color blindness (Protanopia), the absence of blue-sensitive pigments leads to blue color blindness, the absence of green-sensitive pigments leads to green color blindness (Deuteranopia).
Symptoms of macular degeneration include decreased vision, seeing objects and straight lines obliquely and shifts, inability to match distances. It is recommended that patients with these complaints immediately consult an ophthalmologist. Macular degeneration usually occurs in older people. If there is macular degeneration in the family, annual follow-up is recommended for patients aged 50 and over due to its genetic origin.
Conjunctivitis is the name given to the inflammation of the transparent tissue covering the sclera and the inside of the eyelids, and it causes blood build up in the eye. It occurs for various reasons such as germs, viruses or allergies. Microbial ones are highly contagious. In case of eye rash, a specialist should be consulted as soon as possible.
Glaucoma (increased pressure in the eye)
Glaucoma is a disease caused by increased intraocular pressure. Eye pain and redness, blurred vision, forehead pain, headache, nausea are the most common symptoms. If you have these symptoms, you should definitely consult a specialist. Glaucoma is an important health problem that can cause vision loss.
The turning of the lower lid of the eye outwards is called ectropium. It is generally seen as a result of weakening of the lid support tissues due to aging. Watering, stinging, sensitivity to light and blurred vision are the most common symptoms.