Biochemistry is a branch of science that covers the fields of biophysics, molecular biology, structural biology, microbiology and pharmacology. Blood, urine, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and other organism fluids are analyzed in biochemistry laboratories. The biochemistry unit plays a huge rule in the management of diagnosis and treatment process.
Ege Şehir Hospital Biochemistry laboratory performs tests using state-of-the-art devices and provides service to various healthcare institutions, and more importantly, conducts some specific tests which can be performed rarely for your needs. In the Clinical Biochemistry unit, tests accepted to Hormone, Hematology-Coagulation, Drug Levels, Tumor Markers departments are performed.
Hormone Analysis Tests
Hormones are molecules with a range of structures and functions involved in the functioning of the body, which affect multiple systems. Measurement of hormone levels by blood tests enable presence of diseases caused by hormones to be determined. There are also hormone analysis tests performed with applications other than the standard blood test, such as the dexamethasone suppression test (a laboratory test that measures the response of the hypothalamus and pituitary gland to cortisol). Hormone levels should be within reference limits in order to maintain growth, development, weight control, psychology, digestive system, healthy pregnancy process and general health. There’s a wide range of hormone tests, including Total T3, Total T4, free T3, free T4, TSH, anti-T and anti-M, progesterone, testosterone, estrogen, FSH, LH, PRL, ACTH, cortisol, insulin, PTH, growth hormone. Various hormone tests can be applied to examine the general health status of the patient or investigate upon his/her complaint. Some of the diseases that can be determined by hormone tests are thyroid gland diseases, hyperprolactinemia, polycystic ovarian syndrome, and hyperandrogenemia.
Hematology (blood diseases) tests are tests to diagnose and follow up blood diseases. Hematology tests are examined under 3 headings as Hemogram, Sedimentation and Coagulation tests. Hemogram (complete blood count) is a blood test in which the number and ratio of cells in the blood are determined. It plays an important role in the diagnosis of infection, inflammation , leukemia , anemia, bone marrow diseases, thalassemia and autoimmune diseases. Sedimentation literally means sedimentation and sinking to the bottom. The sedimentation test plays an important role in detecting the presence of inflammation, autoimmune diseases and cancerous tissue in the body. Coagulation tests are tests examining the functioning of coagulation system. Coagulation tests are used to diagnose hemophilia, Von Willebrant, vitamin K deficiency and liver dysfunction (liver failure).
Medication Level Test
Medication level test is applied to monitor drug efficacy, in the case of suspected drug toxicity, not adapting to the use of medication, to investigate drug interactions, and determine the value at which the patient optimally benefits from the medication.
Tumor Markers are structures detected in blood specifically to certain types of cancer. Tumor markers are used in breast, prostate, large intestine and liver cancers, pancreatic, ovarian , bladder and kidney cancers. PSA (a tumor marker produced in the prostate ), AFP (a tumor marker used in the liver, ovaries, testes and prostate), CEA (a tumor marker used in breast, lung, thyroid, pancreatic, bladder, ovarian, prostate, liver and pancreatic cancers), CA 199 (a marker used in the follow-up of colorectal cancer and pancreatic cancer) and CA 125 (a marker used in the follow-up of ovarian cancer) are commonly used tumor markers.